Beginners guide to NBN & fibre to the home

18 June 2018 - 16 min read

Beginners guide to NBN & fibre to the home

With the governments NBN development currently underway there appears to be more and more confusion around the types of fibre, coming to new estates and established residential areas.

We just want to explain, what NBN is and what other fibre connections are out there.

First Off Why has the Government brought out NBN?

NBN’s goal is to provide faster broadband speeds throughout Australia. This benefits the public and our economy by helping Australian businesses compete with other businesses around the world. Especially in the banking sectors where the USA has spent billions of dollars terraforming the coast line to set fibre optic cables, so that they can sell and buy shares a split second earlier than the competition.

What is the NBN?

NBN is a wholesaler owned by the government, that doesn’t sell to the public. This is a contrasted from Australia’s previous internet infrastructure was the property of private companies such as Telstra. So, with NBN the Australian government aims to create greater competition between internet retailers such as Telstra & Optus.

How does the NBN Effect Established Areas

In established areas NBN may be planning to bring the fibre optic cable to the premise or a location in the street.

Fibre to the premise (FTTP), is what NBN aims to supply to all households in the future. This gives you fibre optic cabling to the home, giving you the ability to access the top speeds in the network. Standard Installation would involve a utility box that is set outside the home and a NBN connection box that is set inside.

If NBN has brought optics to the street, the fibre optic cable will be connected to a distribution unit which is usually set underground. Then the traditional Cable internet infrastructure will bring the internet service from the distribution unit to the home. This means that you will only need to have a suitable fibre optic modem and in most cases your internet provider will inform you prior to NBN’s installation.

These connections are NBN’s half way point, you will have increased speeds, but not the speeds everyone is hoping for.

Types of Wired Connections

  • Fibre to the Node (FTTN)
  • Fibre to the Curb (FTTC)
  • Hybrid Fibre Coaxial (HFC)

If your connection to NBN cannot be wired would be either fixed wireless or sky muster network. These connections are generally where a home or business is in a remote or rural location

Fixed Wireless connection is achieved via data traveling from transmissions towers. This will require a NBN rooftop antenna & then NBN network device to be installed where the cable from the roof antenna enters your home

Sky Muster NBN network signal is received via a NBN Satellite dish that is installed on the premises & then NBN network device to be installed where the cable from the dish enters your home.

Fibre in New Estates

In new land developers have an advantage here because they are able lay the fibre optic cable to the premise, which will drastically improves in your broadband speeds.

Also, they can choose to place infrastructure to have the television signal to be transmitted through the fibre system.

This will all depend on what infrastructure the land developer wishes to install.

The most popular options are the following

NBN (services Internet & Phone)

Telstra Velocity (Services Internet, Phone & Television)

Opticomm (Services Internet, Phone & Television)

How does fibre affect your build?

When building in a new estate the land developer may have stated in the design guidelines that you are required to have the fibre to the premise connection.

This cost will need to be factored into the build before you can commence building. In some cases, the land developer will not give the builder approval to build unless this is stated into the contract.

If you wish to find out what connection your build requires, contact the land developer and check out the following links:

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Author: Nicholas Dunne